Types of dental braces
Nowadays braces won't’ surprise anyone. It is believed that the first braces came into existence at the beginning of the last century. The American orthodontist named Edward Engel invented it. Of Course, the very first braces were significantly different from the modern products.
What is Dental Braces ?
Generally braces are removable orthodontic appliance. This device is typically attached to the outer or inner surface of the teeth. Each bracket has its own individual program, according to which is determined by the direction in which to straighten teeth. Each bracket is attached to the tooth besides arcs. This arc is the main source of power that allows to move the necessary teeth using braces. In addition to this efforts have been made to create special orthodontic rings, metal springs, buccal locks and elastic chains.
Generally, there are six types of braces they are
- Metallic Braces
- Ceramic Braces
- Sapphire Braces
- Lingual Braces
- Titanium Braces
- Invisible Braces
The most popular types of braces are perhaps the metal braces. These braces are valued primarily for their reliability, availability and functionality. These types of braces are suitable for both children and adults and adolescents. Most people with generally preferred color options.
The main advantages of these braces is that they are very strong, they are very difficult to break. At the same time they are pretty cheap. In addition, dark ligatures, which are used with metallic staples is not stained and do not change the color of teeth. With such braces duration of treatment is usually less. At the same time they do not cause severe pain.
Ceramic braces are made of high-tech glass and therefore is also quite strong. They are good because they are almost invisible to others. In general, with regard to the advantages of this type of braces, first of all, In comparison with metal braces, they have more aesthetic appearance and is much less noticeable. In addition, ceramic braces are more comfortable.
Sapphire braces are usually made of sapphire, which have been grown artificially. These braces are strong enough and have a high efficiency. Furthermore, sapphire is transparent structure and therefore almost negligible. However, they usually do not stain from food. Among the few drawbacks is worth noting that these braces are quite expensive. In addition, sapphire braces need to periodically conduct a thorough oral hygiene.
Sapphire braces are suitable for people who have no serious problems with bite. Therefore they are not suitable for people who have severe malocclusion. These braces are made of durable plastic specific form that each patient is usually selected individually. Sapphire braces do not cause irritation of the gums and do not stain.
Lingual braces are good that are installed on the inside of the teeth. And so they are generally invisible, but it is obvious that these braces are much more difficult to establish. Moreover, such systems are rather complicated to maintain. Staples for these braces are usually made of metal. To get used to them, usually it takes three to seven days. Also, This treatment is usually greater than with conventional braces. If the patient has short front lower teeth, they can not be used. Furthermore, they are used when there are serious problems with the bite. In addition, the braces for the treatment of such patients should be engaged specially trained orthodontist.
Some people are allergic to nickel, so they braces made of traditional materials are not suitable and will have to make braces made of other materials, such as titanium. This material is very durable and lightweight. Titanium metal braces are similar to, but much more expensive.
These braces longitudinally look aesthetically pleasing. Compared with conventional braces them much easier to care for. They are usually removed before drinking, food intake, and during brushing. Compared with fixed catheters, they cause much less pain. Moreover, such braces never appear stains. When using this type of braces, conducted computerized plan treatment. And it's even a forecast of future results. Due to the fact that these braces are removed, they are not permanently straighten teeth as other species. In general, these braces are recommended to be worn 20-22 hours a day, but in reality it all depends on the patient's habits.
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